The results of the excavation of two Paleolithic sites on the Nile in the Republic of the Sudan, undertaken from the autumn of 1965 into the spring of 1966, are presented in this report. Artifacts from Khor Abu Anga and Magendohli, currently housed in the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, are described and quantified. The artifact assemblages are identified as discrete units, placed in chronological order, compared in terms of cultural content, and assigned to known industrial complexes. The Khor Abu Anga and Magendohli assemblages are comparable to and part of recognized prehistoric industrial Acheulian, the Sangoan, the Lupemban, and Aterian complexes well documented in Africa and in parts of Europe and western Asia. The archaeological deposits at Khor Abu Anga are part of a record of evolving lithic technology from late Acheulian through Sangoan into Lupemban in the upper Nile valley over a long period of time.AUTHOR
Roy L. Carlson is Professor Emeritus, a charter faculty member, and founding chair of the Department of Archaeology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. His degrees are a B. A. and M.A. in archaeology and anthropology from the University of Washington in Seattle, and a PhD in the same subjects from the University of Arizona in Tucson. He is a recipient of the Smith-Wintemberg award for outstanding service to archaeology from the Canadian Archaeologial Association. Although best known for his research on Northwest Coast and Southwestern archaeology and prehistory, he was field director of the 4th University of Colorado expedition to the Sudan as part of the multi-national Aswan salvage project on the Nile during construction of the High Aswan Dam. This monograph is a result of that research in which his wife, Maureen Carlson, and their four children participated. Two of their children, Arne Carlson and Catherine Carlson, have since obtained graduate degrees and become professional archaeologists. He resides in Coquitlam, British Columbia, and continues his analysis of material excavated during his long career.