Urban space constitutes a place where people and animals live together in close proximity with each other, creating changing landscapes of co-existence, conflict, mutual dependencies and exploitation. The medieval animals found in the articles of Animaltown: Beasts in Medieval Urban Space, appear in text and image, as well as archaeological find materials in the form of butchery waste, kitchen refuse, debris from manufacturing osseous objects, and the objects themselves. This multiplicity of sources sheds light on the ways towns fed themselves, protected themselves and created their personal landscapes and views of themselves through the power of metaphor and symbol involving the array of beasts, great and small, surrounding them.The general theme uniting the papers in this volume is the range of factors influencing the mutual relationship between humans and the animals that surrounded them within the densely built and occupied spaces created by people in towns and their hinterlands. Animals are found as urban symbols, decorative motifs and representations. They appear as key elements in food traditions and meat-processing, economic and trade structures, hygiene and disease, as well as craft activities that exploited a variety of animal products. Beasts of all kinds played many different roles in the lives of people in the Middle Ages, from the highest levels of society to the lowest of the low. Conversely, intimate contact with humans in these environments also shaped the lives and behaviour of both wild and domestic animals in many profound ways, both evident and subtle. The volume will be a valuable addition to the library of anyone interested in the connection between urban animals and people in medieval times.
Alice M. Choyke is Associate Professor in the medieval department of Central European University. She also teaches in the cultural heritage program of the same University. She is co-founder of the Medieval Animal Data-network (MAD) and the Worked Bone Research Group (WBRG) of the International Council of Archaeozoology (ICAZ).Gerhard Jaritz is Professor of Medieval Studies at Central European University. He is co-founder of the Medieval Animal Data-network (MAD). His main research interests are the history of medieval daily life and mentality, and the history of late medieval visual culture.
Briony Aitchison, László Bartosiewicz, Fiona Beglane, Luminita Bejenaru, Antonietta Buglione, Alice M. Choyke, Pam J. Crabtree, László Daróczi-Szabó, Márta Daróczi-Szabó, Giovanni De Venuto, Laura Fenelli, Gerhard Jaritz, Hrvoje Kekez, Günther Karl Kunst, Florin Leonte, Mark Maltby, Anu Mänd, Isabella Nicka, Terry O’Connor, Aleksander Pluskowski, Frank Salvadori, Barbara Sassi, Katalin Szende