Early peoples migrating to the Americas via the coastal migration route would have travelled through southeast Alaska during periods with lower sea levels. The residues of where they lived, hunted and gathered are on the now submerged continental shelf of southeast Alaska. A GIS model, two years of marine geophysical survey (including side scan sonar, sub-bottom profiling and multibeam sonar) and minimal subsurface testing have allowed the author to refine the methods for locating submerged archaeological sites buried on the continental shelf. The environment is reconstructed in 500-year intervals, and these intervals are used to create a predictive model for each time period using inductive and deductive methods. The final model combines the interval models for a final prediction of probable archaeological sites within the region.
Kelly Monteleone completed her PhD in Anthropology at the University of New Mexico in 2013. She is currently an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Calgary, in the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology. She researches submerged landscapes related to the peopling of the Americas, using computer modelling.
‘The research methods are state of the art both in relation to predictive modelling and to underwater exploration. … The book makes a significant contribution to the archaeology of SE Alaska and, more widely, to issues of international interest to do with early human colonisation and underwater exploration of the continental shelf.’ Peer Reviewer
‘This research provides new possibilities for locating unknown archaeological sites and details a methodology which could advance our archaeological understanding.’ Dr Simon Fitch, University of Bradford