This book addresses a paradox concerning the role of clay at Çatalhöyük that arises from conflicting material culture and landscape views of what clay truly afforded this early agricultural community. The highly-developed and artistically rich clay-based material culture points to clay being a major contributor to the site's success. However, the underlying thick, impermeable clay beds are also thought to have impeded the drainage of seasonal floods, periodically isolating the community in extensive wetlands and clearly hostile to early agriculture. A landscape re-appraisal is made based on the recognition that the heavier clay artifacts must have been locally sourced and can therefore be read as direct samples of the local Neolithic landscape. The result is a revised landscape interpretation that no longer conflicts with the observed patterns of clay use or broader subsistence practice at Çatalhöyük. Clay’s role is re-examined in this revised landscape context to demonstrate a fuller and more complex picture than previously thought.
Chris Doherty is a geoarchaeologist and ceramics specialist at the Research Laboratory for Archaeology, Oxford University. He has a long-standing interest in the raw materials of ancient technologies and the interpretation of their use.
‘This is an excellent, stimulating, well written and extremely interesting study that will have a wide readership.’ Professor Douglas Baird, University of Liverpool
‘The originality of the methodology lies in the multidisciplinary evaluation of the clay taskscape, which lies at the interface of ethnography, geoarchaeology, geomorphology and materials science.’ Professor John Wainwright, Durham University
‘This is a bold piece of work. It makes an important contribution to our knowledge of clay use and of the environmental setting of Çatalhöyük. I suspect this book will be much cited.’ Dr Emma Jenkins, Bournemouth University