Studies in Contemporary and Historical Archaeology is a new series of edited and single-authored volumes intended to make available current work on the archaeology of the recent and contemporary past. The series brings together contributions from academic historical archaeologists, professional archaeologists and practitioners from cognate disciplines who are engaged with archaeological material and practices. In this, the second volume in the series, the author presents a nuanced account of 19th and 20th century forest sawmill communities in southern Victoria, Australia. Weaving together archaeological and historical data, issues of community development, isolation, integration, and consumption practices are sensitively explored. Not only does the volume make a valuable contribution to the historical archaeology of rural Australia, but it provides an extended case study for others studying the history and archaeology of temporary work communities elsewhere in the emerging modern world.