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The Afterlife in Akhmim

Exploring El-Salamuni Tombs C1 and C3

Wahid Omran
Publication Year:
238 pages, Illustrated throughout in black & white, and colour.
BAR number:


The El-Salamuni mountain, the main necropolis of Akhmim during the Graeco-Roman period, is still relatively intact and largely archaeologically unexplored. This book contains the first contextual data of El-Salamuni. It examines the great heritage significance of the necropolis, its topography, the history of its investigation, as well as the special characteristics of the funerary art and burial customs in the necropolis.

The text also documents the mountain’s painted tombs: C1 (the so-called Tomb of von Bissing 1897) and C3, which show a mixture of Egyptian-Roman art. Conservation work was conducted in Tomb C1 to remove debris, clean soot off its walls and ceilings, as well as reconstruct the vulnerable and damaged sections. Magnificent scenes were uncovered. A full photogrammetric documentation is provided of both tombs with their architectural layouts.

Wahid Omran is Professor of Graeco-Roman archaeology in the Faculty of Tourism and Hotels at Fayoum University, Egypt. He was the former chairman of the Fayoum Civilization and Heritage Center, and he has supervised many international and national projects in cultural heritage, and in 2019, Omran awarded the SHARJAH International award for Cultural Heritage- SHARJAH Institute for Cultural Heritage, UAE.

‘This is the first publication of the tombs in question with a pioneering digest of background material. Akhmim is a site that is in dire need of publication, and this book presents not only important new data, but also provides an extremely useful digest of previous work and of the topography of the sites in the region.' Professor Aidan Dodson, University of Bristol

Introduction (S3137_Omran_9781407359991_-_intro.pdf, 836 Kb) [Download]

Table of Contents (S3137_Omran_9781407359991_-_toc.pdf, 239 Kb) [Download]