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Urbanism and its Impact on Human Health

A long-term study at Knossos, Crete

Anna C. Moles
Publication Year:
306 pages, Illustrated throughout in black & white, and colour
Sub-series name:
UCL Institute of Archaeology PhD Series, 9
BAR number:


Urbanism and its Impact on Human Health demonstrates how social, economic and political changes impacted the everyday lives of the people of Knossos, at the fundamental level of their health and diet, during the Hellenistic, Roman and Late Antique periods. Knossos, in north-central Crete, was an important site in Aegean and Mediterranean networks throughout this timespan, though the city experienced cycles of urban development and decline. As an extensively studied and well-documented site, it provides a unique opportunity to study long-term phenomena associated with its varied past. The present osteological and isotopic research is integrated with previous work on material culture and textual sources to provide a contextualised interpretation of the lifeways and social history of the people of Knossos.

Anna C. Moles is Assistant Professor of Mediterranean Archaeology and Human Osteoarchaeology at the University of Groningen. She completed her PhD at UCL in 2019, funded by the AHRC, British School at Athens and Onassis Foundation.

‘I found this volume to be an exemplary piece of research. It is meticulous and careful, yet bold and forward-thinking in its mode of enquiry and interpretations of the results.’ Professor Andrew Reynolds, University College London

'This original research adds to our understanding of a broadly neglected region within Classical Archaeology. By taking a human skeletal analysis approach to the material, Dr Moles not only re-orientates the study of legacy data from problematic datasets, but contributes meaningfully to the study of Knossos, particularly in the historic period.' Dr Dan Stewart, University of Leicester

Introduction (S3130_Moles_9781407360355_-_introduction.pdf, 366 Kb) [Download]

Table of Contents (S3130_Moles_9781407360355_-_contents.pdf, 314 Kb) [Download]