This volume of papers broadly investigate what a landscape can reveal about its people, and how peoples adapt their cultures and identities to their landscapes, and vice versa. Jones, McVeigh, and Ó Maoldún study the reemergence of megalithic tombs in County Clare during the Irish Chalcolithic and examine how distribution and scale on Irelands west coast might reveal clan affiliations, status, and interrelationshAs. Springs compares two Irish megalithic traditions to determine their relationshA to each other. Howe focuses on earthwork enclosures in the Great Lakes region of the United States and how they provide a framework for external interactions set in a period of increased territorial tension. Wandsnider and Nelson examine how public architecture during the Late Hellenistic and Early Roman periods of Western Turkey was constructed to project a unique identity and to materially woo benefactors and intimidate enemies. Fazioli examines continued attachment to Roman identity in the post-Roman, southeastern Alpine region of Europe into the Early Middle Ages. Kryder-Reid explores the relationshA of place, space, and identity at the contested landscapes of the postcolonial California mission gardens. Stewart charts the process of memorialization and monumentation at Gettysburg National Military Park, focusing on the many voices of social memories etched into the landscape.